Practical and easy pharmaceutical techniques / procedure for few most commonly used rasa medicines


Rasa medicines has been used for different therapeutic purposes since long in ayurveda but the only hitch lies in, is its cumbersome and difficult  time consuming methods of preparation. Drugs such as kukkutanda twaka bhasma, rasa manikya, kupipakva rasayana are few most commonly used medicines in routine practice.

The present study includes the altered practical methods of preparation of the above mentioned medicines keeping the basic principles of rasa aushadhies in mind.

Keywords: kukkutanda twaka bhasma,rasa manikya ,kupipakva rasayana,cost effective,altered method.



In the  present era of modern medicine more researches are in process to study nano medicines but the same is mentioned ages back in rasa shastra as due to small particle size and effective in small doses rasa aushadhies can be considered as nano medicines which to be supported with a relevant study .

Thus rasa aushadhies have become a part of discussion world wide . but one of the biggest hindrance that comes on the way of preparing them is its difficult  methods of preparation.

Difficult traditional procedures like kupipakva, bhasmikarana etc. requires more man power as well as time ,money, energy investments which at times becomes difficult for small scale production of those medicines by vaidyas them selves .Thus arises need for few changes in the traditional procedures of preparing medicines.thus, here is an effort to introduce some altered procedures to prepare most commonly used drugs such as kukkutanda twaka bhasma,rasa manikya  and kupipakva rasayana.

Materials and methods:

Genuine medicines were  prepared  as mentioned below by slight moderated methods  which makes its manufacturing procedure very simple.also, by practicing these methods the cost of production, time and man power decreased considerably.

1. Preparation of kukkutanda twaka bhasma :  in Ayurveda sara sangraha its preparation is mentioned  by puta method.instead of that it was done by roasting method .

Detail procedure: soak kukkutanda twak powder in butter milk for 8 hours and then wash it with warm water . add kumara swarasa to it and triturate it till it form homogenous mixture and then transfer it to a kadhai kept over flame and roast it till it form dry amorphous powder.once it is ompletely dried over flame transfer it to khalva yantra for mardana till it forms fine powder.

2. Preparation of rasa manikya:  Instead of traditional valuka yantra method as mentioned in  rasa taringini it was prepared by sandwich method.

Detail procedure: shuddha hartala powder was spreaded over abhraka patra and was covered completely with another abhraka patra . This sandwich was directly kept over gas burner till hartala powder  was  completely melted .then it was removed from fire and once it  was self cooled ( in 5-10 min.) the upper abhraka patra was  lifted easily and rasa manikya formed was collected.the whole procedure requires approx.20 minutes.

3.Preparation of kupipakva rasayana: in rasa classical texts. kupipakva rasayana such as rasa sindura, sameerpannaga, suvarnarajvangeshwara etc.are prepared in valuka yantra kept over bhatti. It can be prepared directly over chulha( gas burner)working with l.p.g.instead of bhatti which is more cumbersome .so,the extra efforts of maintaining desired temperature of valuka yantra by intermittently inserting wood in the bhatti can be avoided and also a steady temperature can be maintained without any extra efforts.also by following such method natural resource like wood can be saved and as this procedure can be conducted indoor with ventilation so ,kupipakva rasayana  can be made during rainy season also which other wise becomes difficult.

Observation  and conclusion:

In this whole study it was observed that by adopting altered procedures for preparing rasa medicines ,maximum hindrances which comes on the way of preparing them were eradicated.Also,by adopting those procedures a lot of time,money ,energy was conserved and also large quantity of medicines can be prepared with ease.

Thus, it can be concluded these altered procedures should be adopted for production as basic tests reveals that by adopting such methods the quality of medicine are not getting much affected and they can be prepared with ease and at cost effective price.